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Citing Sources

Iona University Libraries Research Guide on Citing Source

Reference Page Examples


 

Reference Page

Contains all works cited in the text of your paper

  • Titled
    • References - Bold and Centered
  • Double spaced
    • Do not add a space between sources
  • Hanging indent if reference is longer than one line
    • Create the indent with the ribbon on your processing app (Word, Google Docs, Pages)
    • Do not use enter and tab keys to create the indents.
  • Use a period after the author, the date, the title, and the source
  • Include either a DOR or URL if the reference has one 
    • Do not place a period after a DOI or URL
  • Do not use a comma between the journal volume and issue numbers
    • Put the issue number in parentheses directly after the volume number

Journal Article in a Database

Format:

Author’s Last name, Author’s First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other authors, if any. (Year). Title of article. Title of JournalVolume number(Issue number), Page numbers. DOI

Example:

Arshad, M. R. (2021). The Inevitable Contingency of Ethics on Theistic Foundations. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization, 11(1), 159–174. https://doi.org/10.32350/jitc.111.09

 

Journal Article in Print

Format:

Author's Last name, Author's First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other authors, if any. (Year). Title of article.Title of JournalVolume number(Issue number), Page numbers.

Example:

Baddeley, A. D. (2021). Developing the concept of working memory: The role of neuropsychology. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 36(6), 861–873.

Newspaper Article from a Database

Format:

Author's Last name, Author's First and Middle initial. (Year, Month, and Day of publication). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. URL

Example:

Dreifus, C. (2006, Mar 14). Earth science meets social science in study of disasters: [Interview]. New York Times. https://www.proquest.com/historical-newspapers/earth-science-meets-social-study-disasters/docview/93038198/se-2?accountid=35757

 

Newspaper Article in Print

Format:

Author's Last name, Author's First and Middle initial. (Year, Month, and Day of publication). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, Page numbers.

Example:

Dunn, J. (2021, Dec 01). Here to help; How to deal with social anxiety during the holidays. The New York Times, A3.

Magazine Article from a Database

Format:

Author's Last name, Author's First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other authors, if any. (Year, Month, and Day of publication, if available). Title of article. Title of MagazineVolume number(Issue number, if available), page number. URL or DOI

Example:

Shaw, G. (2021, August). The impetus behind aan's new section on adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The Exceptional Parent51(8), 38+. https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A674513332/PPPC?u=nysl_me_iona&sid=bookmarkPPPC&xid=617796c3

 

Magazine Article in Print

Format:

Author's Last name, Author's First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other authors, if any. (Year, Month, and Day of publication, if available). Title of article. Title of MagazineVolume number(Issue number, if available), page number.

Example:

Flora, C. (2005, January-February). Bad moods: Decaffeination: The next disorder. Psychology Today38(1), 21.

E-book

Format:

Author, A.A., Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI

Example:

Rainie, L., & Wellman, B. (2012). Networked: The new social operating system. The MIT Press. http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt5vjq62  

 

Print Book with a Single Author  

Format:

Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter for subtitle. Publisher Name. 

Example:

Hoy, A. W. (2010). Educational psychology. (11th ed.). Merrill.

 

Print Book with Two Authors

Format:

Author, A.A., & Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter for subtitle. Publisher Name.

Example:

Deese, J., & Hulse, S. H. (1967). The psychology of learning. McGraw-Hill.

 

Ebook with 21 or more Authors

Include the first 19 authors, then place an ellipsis followed by the final author (skip all authors after 19 up until the last author.

Format:

Author, A.A., Author, B.B., Author, C.C., Author, N.N... Author, Z.Z. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter for subtitle.Publisher Name. DOI

Example:

Pegion, K., Kirtman, B. P., Becker, E., Collins, D. C., LaJoie, E., Burgman, R., Bell, R., DelSole, R., Min, D., Zhu, Y., Li, W., Sinsky, E., Guan, H., Gottschalck, J., Metzger, E. J., Barton, N. P., Achuthavarier, D., Marshak, J., Koster, R., . . . Kim, H. (2019). The subseasonal experiment (SubX): A multimodel subseasonal prediction experimentBulletin of the American Meteorological Society100(10), 2043-2061. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0270.1

 

Print book with an Unknown Author

Format:

Title of work. (Year of Publication). Publisher Name. 

Example:

Modern oil painting of Japan. (2003). Lingnan Fine Arts Publishing House.

 

Edited Print Book with an Author

Format:

Title of work. (Year of Publication). Publisher Name. 

Example:

Modern oil painting of Japan. (2003). Lingnan Fine Arts Publishing House.

 

Print Book with an Editor as Author

Format:

Editor, E. E. (Ed.). (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter for subtitle. Publisher Name. 

Example:

Eells, T. D. (Ed.). (2006). Handbook of psychotherapy case formulation. The Guilford Press.

 

Translated Print Book

Format:

Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter for subtitle. (T. T. Translator, Trans; # ed.). Publisher Name. 

Example:

Jacobi, J. (1973). The psychology of C. G. Jung: An introduction with illustrations. (R. Manheim, Trans; 8th ed.). Yale University Press.

 

Chapter in an Print Edited Book with a Previous Publication

Format:

Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of chapter: Capital letter for subtitle. In E.E. Editor (Ed.). Title of Work: Capital letter for subtitle. (edition, page numbers). Publisher Name. 

Example:

Blumenfeld, W.J. (2000). Prejudice and discrimination. In M. Adams (Ed.). Readings for diversity and social justice (pp. 21-29). Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Entry Online

Dictionaries are updated and not archived, so include a retrieved date.

When a dictionary is continuously updated, use n.d. for the date.

Format:

Organization. (Year of Publication).  Word. In Title of work: Capital letter for subtitle. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL

Example:

Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Theory. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary. Retrieved December 2, 2021, from https://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/theory?utm_campaign=sd&utm_medium=serp&utm_source=jsonld

 

Entry in Print

Format:

Organization. (Year). Word. In Name of the source. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL

Example:

Merriam-Webster. (2020). Amity. In Shorter Oxford English. Retrieved September 19, 2020, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/amity

Diagnostic Materials Viewed Online

Format:

Organization. (Year). Name of source (edition). URL

Example:

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

Website With an Author

Format:

Author. (Year, month day). Title of webpage. Site Name. URL

Example:

Chrousos, G. P., Mentis, A. A., & Dardiotis, E. (2020, July 20). Focusing on the neuro-psycho-biological and evolutionary underpinnings of the imposter syndrome. Frontiers. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01553/full

 

Website Without an Author

If the group and site name are the same, you don't need to enter the site name

Format:

Name of the group. (year, month day). Title of webpage. Site Name. URL

Example:

World Health Organization. (2021, May). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Mythbusters. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters

Government Document Online

Format:

Name of Organization. (Year, Month Day). Title of report (Identifying number). Publisher name. URL

Example::

National Institute of Health. (2019). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and teens: What you need to know (NIH Publication No. 21-MH-8159). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/sites/default/files/documents/health/publications/21-MH-8159_ADHDInChildrenTeens.pdf

Religious Work Viewed Online

Format:

Title of work. (Date). Publisher. URL (Original work published Date)

Example:

The New American Bible. (2003). The New American Bible Online. https://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_INDEX.HTM (Original work published 1970)

 

Religious Work Viewed in Print

Format:

Title of work (edition or name of translator). (Date). Publisher. (Original work published Date)

Example:

The Torah: The five books of Moses (3rd ed.). (2015). The Jewish Publication Society of America. (Original work published 1962)

Instragram

Format:

Last name, First and Middle initials, or Name of Group. [@username]. (Year, Month Day). Content of the post up to the first 20 words [Source Type]. Site Name. URL

Example:

Tcwhc. [@thecounselingcenters]. (2021, November 13). World kindness day [Photograph]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/CWOGP8tNWR5/

TV Series Watched on a Website

Format:

Last name, First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other primary contributors, if any. (Function). (Year, Month Day). Title of the episode. (Season #, Episode #)[TV series episode]. In First and middle initials followed by Last name Executive Producer or Producers), Title of series. Production company; Website name.

Example:

Lembeck, M. (Director). (1995, September 21). The one with Ross's new girlfriend. (Season 2, Episode 1) [TV series episode]. In K. Bright, Kauffman & Crane (Executive Producers), Friends. Warner Bros.; Netflix.

 

Film watched on TV or in a Theater

Format:

Last name, First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other primary contributors, if any. (Function). (Year, Month, and Day, if available). Title of the film. [Film]. Studio or Distributor.

Example:

Coppola, F.F. (Director). (1972). The Godfather. [Film]. Paramount Pictures.

 

Podcast Episode

Format:

Last name, First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other primary contributors, if any. (Function). (Year, Month, and Day, if available). Title of episode (No. episode number) [Audio or video podcast]. In Title of the series. URL

Example

Stewart, D., Marchiano, L., & Lee, J. (Host). (2018, April 18). Hookups (No. 2) [Audio podcast]. In The Jungian Lifehttps://thisjungianlife.com/podcast/

 

YouTube

Format:

Last name, First and Middle initials, & Last names and initials of other primary contributors, if any. (Year released, Month and Day). Title of the video [Video]. Streaming Service. URL

Example:

CrashCourse. (2014, February 3). Intro to psychology: Crash course psychology #1 [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vo4pMVb0R6M

Image Viewed Online

Format:

Artist Last Name, First Initial. (Date of Piece). Title of Piece [Medium or Format]. Name of Institute, City, Country. URL

Example:

Kandinsky, W. (1913). Composition VII [Painting]. The State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia. https://artsandculture.google.com/exhibit/vasily-kandinsky-counterpointcomposition-vi-composition-vii/UgKCjKX9MXThIw

 

Image Viewed In Person

Format:

Artist Last Name, First Initial. (Date of Piece). Title of Piece [Medium or Format]. Name of Institute, City, Country.

Example:

Matisse, H. (1910). Dance [Painting]. Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, United States.

Slides such as: PowerPoint, Canva, Slidesgo

Websites such as: Canvas, Blackboard, Moodle...

Format:

Professor Last Name, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Name of slides [PowerPoint slides]. Platform. URL

Example:

White, W. (2021, December 03). Psychotherapies [PowerPoint Slides]. Blackboard. https://Blackboard.iona.edu