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Citing Sources

Iona University Libraries Research Guide on Citing Source

Works Cited Page Examples


The Works Cited list provides all bibliographic information on all sources cited in your work.

  • Works Cited lists are located at the end of the paper
  • Works Cited lists are double spaced with no space between entries
  • Use hanging indent to indent the second and subsequent entry lines .5 inches from the left margin
  • Arrange entries in alphabetical order by the first element, usually the author. If there is no author, use the title
  • Alphabetize letter by letter of the author's name before the comma. Letters after the comma are used only when authors have the same last name
  • For multiple works by the same author, alphabetize by title. Also, replace the author's name with three hyphens on the second and subsequent entries
  • Alphabetize titles letter by letter ignoring initial articles (A, An, The, and foreign equivalents)
  • The location of an online work should include a URL
    • Omitting the http:// or https:// protocols
  • End all citations with a period

​​​​​​Title

  • Article Title is in quotation marks
  • Journal Title is in italics

No Author?

  • If there is no author, begin with the “Article Title.”

Page Numbers: 

  • For single pages, use ‘p.’ followed by the number
  • For multiple pages, use ‘pp.’ followed by the numbers
  • If an article is not printed on consecutive pages, cite only the first-page number in the range, followed by a plus sign:  pp. A1+

Publication Date: 

  • When available, it is written as Day Month Year

Journal Article in a Database

Format:

Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, volume number, issue number, date, page number. Name of the database, doi.

Example:

Lee, Derek. "Dark Romantic: F. Scott Fitzgerald and the Specters of Gothic Modernism." Journal of Modern Literature, vol. 41, no. 4, 2018, pp. 125-42. Ebsco, doi.org/10.2979/jmodelite.41.4.09.

 

Journal Article in a Database with a Season

Format:

Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, volume number, issue number, season date, page number.

Example:

Goldman, Anne. “Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante.” The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1, spring 2010, pp. 69-88. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41403188.

 

Journal Article in Print

Format

Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, volume number, issue number, date, page number.

Example:

Meisenhelder, Susan. "Conflict and Resistance in Zora Neale Hurston's Mules and Men." Journal of American Folklore, vol. 109, no.433, 1996, pp. 267.

Newspaper Article from a Database

Format:

Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, day, month, and year of publication, page. Name of the database, URL.

Example:

Davis, Anna, and Sophia Sleigh. "London Teens in Record A-Level Surge." Evening Standard, 10 Aug. 2021, p.1. Proquest, www.proquest.com/newspapers/london-teens-record-level-surge/docview/2559699413/se-2?accountid=35757

 

Newspaper Article by a Group (Opinion or Editorial Board) from a Database

Format:

Name of Group. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper. day, month, and year of publication, page. Name of the database, URL.

Example:

Editorial Board. "The Plight of 'Boarder Babies'." The Christian Science Monitor, 06 Jul. 1992, pp.20. ProQuesthttp://rocky.iona.edu:2048/login?url=https://www.proquest.com/newspapers/plight-boarder-babies/docview/291210942/se-2?accountid=35757.

 

Newspaper Article in Print

Format:

Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, day, month, and year of publication, page.

Example:

Mueller, Benjamin. "Despite Another Covid Surge, Deaths Stay Near Lows." The New York Times, 21 June 2022, p.A1.

Magazine Article without an Author from a Database

Format:

"Title of Article." Title of Magazine, volume number, issue number, day, month and year of publication, page number. Name of the database, DOI, or permalink. 

Example:

"Gustav Mahler." Billboard, vol. 128, no. 31, 10 Dec. 2016, p. 32. Gale General OneFile, https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A481243580/ITOF?u=nysl_me_iona&sid=bookmark-ITOF&xid=89fd9eaa.

 

Magazine Article in Print

Format:

Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine, volume number, issue number, day, month and year of publication, page number.

Example:

Coppins, McCay. "The Men Who Are Killing America's Newspapers." The Atlantic, Nov. 2021, pp. 32-40.

E-book from a Database

Format:

​Last name, First name. Title of the Book. Publisher, Year of Publication. Name of E Provider, URL.

Example:

Milne, A A. Winnie-the-Pooh. Illustrated by Ernest H Shepard, McClelland & Stewart, Ltd, 1926, Project Guttenbergwww.gutenberg.org/files/67098/67098-h/67098-h.htm.

 

E-book from an App

Format:

Last Name, First Name. Title of the Book. App Source ed., Publisher, Date.

Example:

Swartz, Omar. The View from on the Road: The Rhetorical Vision of Jack Kerouac. Kindle ed., Southern Illinois University Press, 1999.

 

Print Book with a Single Author

Format:

Last Name, First Name. Title of the Book. Publisher, Date.

Example:

Mantel, Hilary. Wolf Hall: A Novel. 2nd ed., Henry Holt, 2009.

 

Print Book with Two Authors

Format:

Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name. Title of the Book. Publisher, Date.

Example:

King, Steven, and Peter Straub. The Talisman. Viking, 1984.

 

Print Book with Three or more Authors

*Note only the first author is listed, and then all names are combined into et al.,

Format:

Last Name, First Name, et al. Title of the Book. Publisher, Date.

Example:

Griliches, Zvi, et al., Handbook of Econometrics. North-Holland Pub. Co, 1983.

 

Print Book with an  Author and an Editor/Translator/Illustrator

Format:

Last Name, First Name. Title of the Book. Edited/Translated/Illustrated by First Name Last Name, Publisher, Date.

Example:

Shakespeare, William. A Midsummers Night's Dream. Edited by Linda Buckle, Cambridge University Press, 2019.

Flaubert, Gustave. Madame Bovary. Translated by Eleanor Marx-Aveling, Independently Published, 2021.

Baum, Frank L. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Illustrated by W.W. Denslow, SeaWolf Press, 2019.

 

Book with an  Unknown Author and an Editor/Translator/Illustrator

Format:

Title of the Book. Translated by First Name Last Name, Edited/Translated/Illustrated by First Name Last Name, Publisher, Date.

Example:

The Arabian Nights: Tales of 1,001 Nights. Translated by Malcolm C. Lyons, Edited by Robert Irwin, Penguin Classics. 2010.

 

Chapter in a Print Book

Format:

Last Name, First Name. "Title of Chapter." Title of the Book. Publisher, Date.

Example:

Chaucer, Geoffrey. "The Monk's Tale." The Canterbury Tales. Penguin Books, 2007.

 

Chapter in an Print Anthology

Format:

Last name, First name. "Title of Chapter." Title of the Book: Plus a Subtitle, Edited by First name Last name, Publisher, Year of Publication. Inclusive Page Numbers.

Example:

Shikibu, Murasaki. "The Tale of Genji." The Norton Anthology of World Literature, Edited by Martin Puchner et al., W.W. Norton & Company, 2019, pp. 1237-1418.

General Information on Citing Shakespeare

  • Italicize the titles of the plays – Macbeth (for the play)

  • Use standard font for the name of a character Macbeth – (for the character)

  • You may abbreviate the title of the play in the parenthetical citation (check with your instructor first)

    • Macbeth – Mac.
    • Hamlet – Ham.
  • Do not use page numbers in parenthetical citation – always include (act.scene.lines)
    • Usually use Arabic numbers (1.5.4-5) or (2.1.110-13)
    • Some instructors prefer Roman numerals (II.iv.4-6)
  • Always mention the author’s name in the text or the parenthetical citation.
    • If the author’s name is mentioned in the text, only put the page number in parentheses; otherwise (author’s last name #).
    • If there are no different sources between quotes – can use  (#) 

 

In-Text Citations

Short Quotes 

(Name of Play, Act. Scene, Line) or (Author, Act, Scene, Line)

  • "Haste me to know't, that I, with wings as swift" (Hamlet 1.5.35).
  •  "This is a sorry sight" (Shakespeare 2.2.26).

If the quote is more than one line, use the forward-slash between each line/verse.

 "Haste me to know't, that I, with wings as swift / As meditation … / May sweep to my revenge" (Hamlet 1.5.35-37).  

The forward-slash is separated from the text by spaces and indicates a new verse.

 The ellipsis ... indicates that part of the text was excluded.

 

References

Play in a Database

Example:

Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. Yale University Press, 2005. JSTORwww.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1nq91p.

 

Play from a Website

Example:

Shakespeare, William. As You Like ItThe Complete Works of William Shakespeare. shakespeare.mit.edu/asyoulikeit/index.html.

 

Play in an E-book

Example:

Shakespeare, William. The Winter's Tale. Kindle ed., Simon & Schuster, 2016.

 

Play in a Print Book

Example:

Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. Bedford/St. Martins, 1999.

 

Play in a Print Anthology

Example:

Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Macbeth. The Complete Works, edited by Stanley Well, Oxford University Press, 1998, pp. 2501-2565.

Online Dictionary

Format:

"Word, Part of Speech. (Number of the definition used)." Title of Book. Date, URL.

Example:

"Victorious, Adj. (2)." Merriam-Webster, 2021, www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/victorious

 

Print Dictionary

Format:

"Word, Part of Speech. (Number of the definition used)." Title of Book. Edition, Publisher, Date, page number.

 Example:

"Amity, N. (1)." Shorter Oxford English, 2020, 5th ed., Shorter Oxford, 2002, p. 69.

Page on a Website

Format:

Last Name, First Name. "Page Title." Name of Website, day month year, URL/ DOI.

Example:

Carillo, Ellen, et al. "MLA Style Center, the Only Authorized Web Site on MLA Style, Provides Free Resources on Research, Writing, and Documentation." MLA Style Center, 2021, style.mla.org/?_ga=2.84140569.1427309408.1637273253153117140.1635779276.

 

Website Published by an Organization

Format:

Title of Website. Name of Organization, day month year, URL.

Example:

Works-Cited-List Entries. MLA Style Center, 2021, style.mla.org/works-cited/citations-by-format/.

Page of a Government Website

Format:

Name of Government Organization. "Page Name." Title of Source, Date of Source. URL

Example:

The United States Department of Justice. "Readout of Meeting between U.S. Deputy Attorney General Lisa O. Monaco and United Kingdom Home Secretary Priti Patel." The United States Department of Justice, 19 Nov. 2021, www.justice.gov/opa/pr/readoutmeeting-between-us-deputy-attorney-general-lisa-o-monaco-and-united-kingdom-home.

 

Government Source in Print

Format:

Name of Government Organization. Title of Source. Date of Source. Publisher, Date of Publication.

Example:

United States, Congress, Committee on the Judiciary. Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure. 2010. Government Printing Office, 2020.

Rules for citing the Bible

Books of the Bible are abbreviated; see the MLA Handbook for standard abbreviations.

Example: (Phil. 3.8)

A period, not a colon, separates chapter and verse.

When you first refer to a particular version, include the name, a comma, and the passage.

Examples: (New Revised Standard Version, Phil. 3.8) 

After this, only include the scripture reference unless you switch versions.

 

Online version of the Bible 

Format:

Title. Version, date. URL.

Example:

The Bible. King James Bible Online, 2022. www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/.

 

Print Religious Texts

Format:

Title. Version, Editor, Publisher, year.

Examples:

The Bible. Authorized King James Version, Oxford University Press, 2010.

The Qu'ran. Translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, Oxford UP, 2015.

The New Jerusalem Bible. Edited by Henry Wansbrough, Doubleday, 1985.

Blog

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name, or Account Name. "Description of Post." Title of BlogDay Month Year of Post, URL

Example:

Liddon, Angela. "Perfect Little Pumpkin Cookies with Spiced Buttercream." Oh She Glows, An Elite Cafemedia a Food Publisher, 23 Feb. 2021, ohsheglows.com/2020/09/20/perfect-little-pumpkin-cookies-with-spiced-buttercream/.

 

TikTok

Format:

Name [@name]. "Description of Post." Social Media Platform, Day Month Year of Post, URL.

Example:

Meg [@literaturewithmeg]. "Finish a book with me." TikTok, 2020, www.tiktok.com/@literaturewithmeg/video/.

 

Tweet

Format:

@name. "Description of Post." Social Media Platform, Day Month Year of Post, URL.

Example:

@coffeegroundz. "Looking forward to seeing you tomorrow." Twitter, 2 Feb. 2012, twitter.com/coffeegrounda/status/8971704320.

 

Email

Format:

Sender Last Name, Sender First Name. Email to. day month year.

Example:

Kane, Doris. Email to Standards Committee. 21 June 2020.

Kanopy

Generating citations is a quick and easy way to begin the citation process. Be careful, though, as the generators are not 100% accurate. They will get you part of the way there, and then you will need to tailor each citation.

From the video home screen (the page after selecting a video before playing the video):

  • Click the more tab
  • Click the citation tool
  • Choose between: MLA, APA & Chicago citation styles

 

TV Series Watched on an App

Format:

"Title of Episode." Directed by Frist Name Last Name. Name of Series, season #, episode #, Film Studio, Date. Name of app app.

Example:

“A Seat at the Table.” Directed by Mimi Leder. The Morning Show, season 1, episode 2, Amazon Prime, 1 Nov. 2019. Amazon Prime Video app.

 

Film Watched on an App

Format:

Title. Film Studio, Date. Name of app app.

Example:

Freedom Writers. Paramount Pictures, 2007. Netflix app.

 

TV Series Watched on a Website

Format:

"Title of Episode." Name of Series, season #, episode #, Film Studio, Date. Name of Website, URL.

Example:

"The One Where the Monkey Gets Away." Friends, season 1, episode 20, Warner Bros., 9 Mar. 1995. Netflixwww.netflix.com.

 

Film watched on TV or in a Theater

Format:

Title. Directed by First Name Last Name, Film Studio, Date.

Example:

The Godfather. Directed by Francis Ford Coppola, Paramount Pictures, 1972.

Images Viewed Online

Format:

Artist Last Name, First Name. Title of Piece. Date. Name of Institute, URL.

Example:

Kandinsky, Wassily. Composition VII. 1913. The State Tretyakov Galleryartsandculture.google.com/exhibit/vasily-kandinsky-counterpointcomposition-vi-composition-vii/UgKCjKX9MXThIw

 

Images Viewed in Person

Format:

Artist Last Name, First Name. Title of Piece. Date, Name of Institute, Place.

Example:

Matisse, Henri. Dance. 1910, Museum of Modern Art, New York City.

 

Image Viewed in a Print Book 

Format:

Artist Last Name, First Name. Title of Piece. Date of Piece, Name of Institute. Title of Book, by First Name Last Name, Publisher, Date, Page.

Example:

Hirkoshige, Andō. Yamabushi Valley in Mimasaka Provinces. Circa 1853-56, Österreichische Museum für Angewandte Kunst. Japonisme: The Japanese Influence on Western Art in the 19th and 20th Centuries, by Siegfried Wichmann, Park Lane, 1980, p. 277.

On a learning management system - Blackboard, Moodle, Canvas...

Format:

"Slides Name or Number." Title of Course, taught by First Name Last Lame. Learning Management System, University, Day Month Year, URL.

Example:

"Slides on Fitzpatrick." English 102, taught by Sally Smith. Moodle, Iona University, 9 Oct. 2019, URL.

 

In-Text Citation Example:

(Instructor's last name, Slide #)