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Citing Sources

Iona University Libraries Research Guide on Citing Source

Research Paper

  • General
    • Include Page Numbers on all pages that are right justified in the header section of the page
    • Use Double Spacing 
    • Use a 12-point font
    • Running Header
      • Not used on a student paper
      • If the paper is for publication or if the instructor specifies a running header:
        • It is an abbreviated version of the title
        • Left justified on the top of every page in the header section of the page
        • Write in all-capital letters
        • Avoid abbreviations
        • Use the same running header on all pages
  • Title page - Page 1 
    • Double Spaced
    • Title of Paper should be Bold, Centered and three or four lines down from the top of the page
    • Add one blank space between the title of the paper and your name 
    • The name of the author should be centered 
    • Include the name of the institution.  
    • Include the Course Number and Course Name
    • Include the Instructor Name
    • Include the Assignment Due Date is written: month day, and year 
  • Paper - Page 2
    • Repeat title from the first page of the paper, centered and bold
  • References are a new page after the final page of text
    • The page is labelled References - Bold and Centered
  • Order of pages:
    • Title page
    • Abstract
    • Text
    • Footnotes (if applicable)
    • Table (if applicable)
    • Figures (if applicable)
    • Appendices (if applcable)
  • All topics of the same importance should have the same level of heading 
  • The number of headings to use depends on the complexity of the work. 
    • Level 1 Centered, Bold, Title Case Heading Text begins as a new paragraph.
      • Don't use Introduction as your first heading; it is assumed, and why you use the title of the paper as your first heading at the start of your paper on the first page of text.
      • After the Introduction (the paper's title), use a Level 1 heading for each main section.
    • Level 2 Flush Left, Bold, Title Case Heading Text begins as a new paragraph.
      • Use Level 2 headings for  headings within the Level 1 
      • Avoid having only one subsection heading. Use at least two subsection headings within a section or use no subsection headings.
    • Level 3 Flush Left, Bold Italic, Title Case Heading Text begins as a new paragraph.
      • Use Level 3 headings for subsections of Level 2 headings.
    • Level 4 Indented, Bold, Title Case Heading, Ending With a Period. The text begins on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph.
      • Use Level 4 headings for subsections of Level 3 headings.
      • Do not add blank lines before or after headings.
      • Do not add extra spacing between paragraphs.
    • Level 5 Indented, Bold Italic, Title Case Heading, Ending With a Period. The text begins on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph.
      • Use Level 5 headings for subsections of Level 4 headings.