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Citing Sources

Iona University Libraries Research Guide on Citing Source

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name Reference Page Examples

* The two styles are identical except for the order of the references.

Reference List

  • If you use citation-sequence, the reference list is numerical
  • If you use citation-name, the reference list is alphabetical

Journal Article from a Database

Format:

Author(s). Article title. Journal title. [medium]. Date;volume(issue):pages. Notes.

Example:

Kemker BE, Stierwalt JAG, LaPointe LL, Heald GR. Effects of a cell phone conversation on cognitive processing performances. J Amer Acad Audiol. [database]. 2009;20(9):582-588. Academic Search Premier. http://web.ebscohost.com/ academic/academic-search-premier.

 

Journal Article online (not within a database)

Format:

Author(s). Article title. Journal title. [medium]. Date;volume(issue):pages. Notes.

Example:

Voelker R. Medical simulation gets real. JAMA [Internet]. 2009;302(20):2190-2192. http:// jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/302/20/2190.

 

Journal Article in Print

Format:

Author(s). Title of article. Title of Journal. Date;volume(issue):pages.

Example:

Reutemann A, Lucero L, Guarise N, Vigetti AC. Structure of the cyperaceae inflorescence. Bot Rev. 2012;78(2):184-204.

Newspaper Article in Print

Format:

Author(s). Title of article. Title of newspaper (Edition/ add location if not indicated in title). Date;section:beginning page of article (column number).

Example:

Singer N. Artery disease in some very old patients: doctors test mummies at a Cairo museum and find signs of atherosclerosis. New York Times (New England Ed.). 2009 Nov 24;Sect. D:6 (col. 3).

Book Online

Format:

Author(s). Title. Edition. Publication City (State): Publisher; Date. [accessed/updated Year Month Day]. Notes.

Example:

Dean L. Blood groups and red cell antigens. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine; 2005. [accessed 2021 Oct 22]. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/ br.fcgi?book=rbcantigen.

List up to ten authors. For eleven or more authors list the first ten and then add et al.

 

Book with one Author

Format:

Author. Title. Edition. Publication City (State): Publisher; Date of publication.

Example:

Singh S. Big bang: the origin of the universe. New York (NY): Fourth Estate; 2004

 

Book with more than one Author

Format:

‚ÄčAuthor(s) et al. Title. Publication City (State): Publisher; Date of publication.

Example:

Gaines SM, Eglinton G, Rullkotter J. Echoes of life: what fossil molecules reveal about Earth history. New York (NY): Oxford University Press; 2009.

 

Book with an Editor

Format:

Author(s). Title of book. Edition. Editor(s), editors. Publication City (State): Publisher; Date of publication.

Example:

Carson R. The sea around us. Dawkins R, editor. New York (NY): Oxford University Press; 1951.

 

Chapter of a Book

Format:

Author(s). Title of book. Publication Place: Publication City (State): Date of publication. Chapter number, Title of chapter; p. pages.

Example:

Gilder L. The age of entanglement: when quantum physics was reborn. New York (NY): Knopf; 2008. Chapter 13, Solvay 1927; p. 110-127.

 

Book with an Organization for the Author

Format:

Organization Name. Title. Publication City (State): Publisher; Date of publication.

Example:

National Research Council. Black and smokeless powders: technologies for finding bombs and the bomb makers. Washington (DC): National Academy Press; 1998.

Website

Format:

Title of Site. Publication City (State): Publisher; Date of publication [updated/accessed Year Month Day]. URL.

Example:

American Wind Energy Association. Washington (DC): American Wind Energy Association; 1996-2013 [accessed 2022 Mar 17]. http://www.awea.org.

 

Page of a Website

Format:

Title of Site. Publication City (State): Publisher; Year of site publication. Title of part; Date Month Day of part publication [updated/accessed Year Month Day]; [length of part]. URL of part.

Example:

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Research Triangle Park (NC): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2021 Oct. 6. Lead; 2021 May 26 [accessed 2021 Nov 28]; [about 3 screens]. https://www.epa.gov/air-trends/lead-trends.

Name-Year Reference Page Examples

Reference List

  • If you use name-year, the reference list is alphabetical
  • The date follows the author's name

Journal Article from a Database

Format: 

Author(s). Date of publication. TiTle of article. Title of journal. [date updated; date accessed];Volume(issue):pages. URL.

Example:

Kemker BE, Stierwalt JAG, LaPointe LL, Heald GR. 2009. Effects of a cell phone conversation on cognitive processing performances. J Amer Acad Audiol. [cited 2013 Nov 29];20(9):582-588. Academic Search Premier. http://web.ebscohost.com/ academic/academic-search-premier.

 

Journal Article Online

Format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Tile of article. Title of journal. [date updated; date accessed];Volume(issue):pages. URL.

Example:

Voelker R. 2009. Medical simulation gets real. JAMA. [cited 2013 Nov 25];302(20):2190-2192. http:// jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/302/20/2190.

 

Journal Article in Print

Format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Tile of article. Title of journal. Volume(issue):pages.

Example:

Reutemann A, Lucero L, Guarise N, Vigetti AC. 2012. Structure of the cyperaceae inflorescence. Bot Rev. 78(2):184-204.

Newspaper Article Online

Format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Tile of article. Title of newspaper (edition). [date updated; date accessed];Volume(issue):pages. URL.

Example:

Res, E. 2010 Oct 05. Toiling against a deadly disease to save a threatened frog. New York Times. [accessed 2015 Jul 22]. http://rocky.iona.edu:2048/login?url=https://www.proquest.com/newspapers/toiling-against-deadly-disease-save-threatened/docview/756270990/se-2?accountid=3575.

 

Newspaper Article in Print

Format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Title of article. Title of Newspaper (Edition). Section: beginning page of article (column no.).

Example:

Singer N. 2009 Nov 24. Artery disease in some very old patients: doctors test mummies at a Cairo museum and find signs of atherosclerosis. New York Times (New England Ed.). Sect. D:6 (col. 3).

Book Online

Format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Title. Edition. Publication City (State): Publisher; [updated/accessed Year Month Day]. URL.

Example:

Dean L. 2005. Blood groups and red cell antigens. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine; [accessed 2013 Nov 25]. http://www.ncbi.nlm.gov/bookshelf/ br.fcgi?book=rbcantigen.

 

Book with a Single Author

Format:

Author. Date of publication. Title. Publication City (State): Publisher. Notes.

Example:

Singh S. 2004. Big bang: the origin of the universe. New York (NY): Fourth Estate.

List up to ten authors. For eleven or more authors list the first ten and then add et al.

 

Book with more than one Author

Format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Title. Publication City (State): Publisher.

Example:

Gaines SM, Eglinton G, Rullkotter J, et al. 2009. Echoes of life: what fossil molecules reveal about Earth history. New York (NY): Oxford University Press.

 

Chapter of a Book

Format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Title of book. Publication City (State): Publisher; Chapter number, Title of chapter; p. pages.

Example:

Gilder L. 2008. The age of entanglement: when quantum physics was reborn. New York (NY): Knopf; Chapter 13, Solvay 1927; p. 110-127.

 

Book with an Editor

Format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Title of book. Edition.Editor(s), editors. Publication City (State): Publisher.

Example:

Carson R. 1951.The sea around us. Dawkins R, editor. New York (NY): Oxford University Press.

 

Book with an Organization for the Author

Format:

Organization Name. Date of publication. Title. Publication City (State): Publisher.

Example:

National Research Council. 1998. Black and smokeless powders: technologies for finding bombs and the bomb makers. Washington (DC): National Academy Press.

Website

Format:

Title of Homepage. Date of publication. Edition. Publication City (State): Publisher; [updated/accessed Year Month Day]. URL.

Example:

American Wind Energy Association. 2018. Washington (DC): American Wind Energy Association; [accessed 2019 Mar 17]. http://www.awea.org.

 

Page of a Website

Format:

Title of Site. Date of site publication. Publication City (State): Publisher; Title of part; Date of part publication [updated/accessed Year Month Day]; [length of part]. URL of part.

Example:

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2021 Oct. 6. Research Triangle Park (NC): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Lead; 2021 May 26 [accessed 2021 Nov 28]; [about 3 screens]. https://www.epa.gov/air-trends/lead-trends.