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Citing Sources

Iona University Libraries Research Guide on Citing Source

Citations

There are three methods to cite in-text references. Always check with your instructor as to the preferred method.
  1. Superscript
    • The number corresponds to the placement of the reference list (the list is not alphabetical)
    • inserted at the end of the cited information:
      • Oscillation in the reaction of benzaldehyde with oxygen was reported previously.¹
    • inserted within the cited information:
      • The syntheses described by Fraser¹ take advantage of carbohydrate topology.
  2. Italic Numbers
    • The number matches the placement of the reference in the reference list (the list is not alphabetical)
    • inserted at the end of the cited information:
      • Oscillation in the reaction of benzaldehyde with oxygen was reported previously (1).
    • inserted within the cited information:
      • The syntheses described by Fraser (1) take advantage of carbohydrate topology.
  3. Author Name Year of Publication
    • Currently not used in ACS Publications
      • Use the author's last name, a comma, and the date of publication
    • inserted at the end of the cited information:
      • The primary structure of this enzyme has also been determined (Finnegan et al., 2004).
    • inserted within the cited information:
      • According to Harris (2003), drug release is controlled by varying the hydrolytic stability of the ester bond.

 

Note: 

  • If two authors:
    • Superscript - Allison and Perez¹
    • Author Name Year - (Allison and Perez, 2020)
  • If more than two authors:
    • Italic Numbers - Williams et al. (1)
    • Author Name Year - (Williams et al., 2019)