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Citing Sources

Iona University Libraries Research Guide on Citing Source

Reference Page Examples


 

Rules

  • References
  • Centered or left-justified at the top of the page
  • Single spaced
  • No indentations or hanging indents

Important to note

  • If using superscript citations, the reference list is numbered in order of the first mention in the text
    • Each entry begins with a number followed by a period, a space, and the citation
  • If using italic number citations, the reference list is numbered in order of the first mention in the text
    • Each entry begins with a number followed by a period, a space, and the citation
  • If using in-text citations, then the reference list is alphabetized

Journal Articles from a Database

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial.; Author Last Name, Initial. Title of Article. Journal Abbreviation. Year, Issue, Inclusive Pagination. Complete URL

Example:

Lanzotti A.; Grasso M.; Staiano G.; Martorelli M. The Impact of Process Parameters on Mechanical Properties of Parts Fabricated in PLA with an Open-source 3-D Printer. Rapid Prototyp. J. 201521 (5), 604−617. DOI: 10.1108/RPJ-09-2014-0135

 

Journal Article in Print

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial. Title of Article. Journal Abbreviation YearVolume, Inclusive Pagination. DOI

Example:

Foster, J. C.; Varlas, S.; Couturaud, B.; Coe, J.; O’Reilly, R. K. Getting into Shape: Reflections on a New Generation of Cylindrical Nanostructures’ Self-Assembly Using Polymer Building Block. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019141 (7), 2742−2753. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b08648

E-Book

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial.; Author Last Name, Initial. Title of the Bookedition information; Series Information If Applicable; Publisher, Year. DOI or URL

Example:

Hammond, C. The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction, 4th ed.; International Union of Crystallography Texts on Crystallography, Vol. 21; Oxford University Press, 2015. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738671.001.0001

 

Book

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial. Title of the Book; Publisher, Year.

Example:

Frankel, F. Picturing Science and Engineering; MIT Press, 2018.

 

Chapter of a Book

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial. Title of Chapter. In Title of the Book, Edition Number; Publisher, Year; pp Pages Used. 

Example:

Bard, A. J.; Faulkner, L. R. Double-Layer Structure and Absorption. In Electrochemical Methods: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd ed.; John Wiley & Sons, 2001; pp 534−579.

 

Edited Book without an Author

Format:

Title of the Book, Edition Number; Editor 1, Editor 2, etc., Eds.; Series Information (if any); Publisher, Year. DOI or URL

Example:

Mom the Chemistry Professor: Personal Accounts and Advice from Chemistry Professors Who Are Mothers, 2nd ed.; Woznack, K., Charlebois, A., Cole, R. S., Marzabadi, C. H., Webster, G., Eds.; Springer, 2018. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-78972-9

Encyclopedia

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial.  Article Title. In Title of Reference Work; Publisher, Year. Updated Month Day, Year. DOI or URL

Example:

Vallero, D. A. Air Pollution, ver. 3. In Kirk‐Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology; Wiley, 2015. Updated March 16, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/0471238961.01091823151206.a01.pub3

 

Encyclopedia with no Author

Format:

Article Title. In Title of Reference Work; Edition Information; Editor, E. E., Eds.; Publisher, Year. Updated Month Day, Year. DOI or URL

Example:

Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes Produced from Waste Plastic Bags. In AccessScience; AccessScience Eds.; McGraw-Hill Education, 2019. DOI: 10.1036/1097-8542.BR0301191 

Theses/Dissertations

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial.; Author Last Name, Initial. Title of Thesis. Level of Thesis, Degree-Granting University, Location of University, Date of Completion. URL (accessed year-month-day).

Example:

Cable, M. L. Life in Extreme Environments: Lanthanide-Based Detection of Bacterial Spores and Other Sensor Design Pursuits. Ph.D. Dissertation, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 2010. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:05102010-145436548 (accessed 2019-09-10).

Website

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial (if any). Title of Site. URL (accessed Month Day, Year).

Example:

ACS Publications Home Page. https://pubs.acs.org/ (accessed Jan 05, 2021).

 

Document from a Website with an Organization for an Author

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial. Title of Document, Publisher, Year. URL (accessed year-month-day).

Example:

American Chemical Society, Committee on Chemical Safety, Task Force for Safety Education Guidelines. Guidelines for Chemical Laboratory Safety in Academic Institutions. American Chemical Society, 2016. https://www.acs.org/content/dam/acsorg/about/governance/committees/chemicalsafety/publications/acs-safety-guidelines-academic.pdf (accessed 2019-02-21).

Conference Reports

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial.; Author Last Name, Initial. Title of Presentation. In Title of the Collected Work, Proceedings of the Name of the Meeting, Location, Full Date(s); Editor Last Name, Initial. Ed..; Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Abstract Number, Pagination. DOI

Example:

Nilsson, A.; Petersson, F.; Persson, H. W.; Jönsson, H.; Laurell, T. Manipulation of Suspended Particles in a Laminar Flow. In Micro Total Analysis Systems 2002, Proceedings of the μTAS 2002 Symposium, Nara, Japan, November 3−7, 2002; Baba, Y., Shoji, S., van den Berg, A., Eds.; Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2002; Vol. 2, pp 751−753. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-010-0504-3_50

 

Technical Report

Format:

Author Last Name, Initial.; Author Last Name, Initial. Title of Report or Bulletin; Technical Report or Bulletin Number; Publisher: Location, Date. URL (accessed year-month-day).

Example:

Hung, C.-C.; Hurst, J.; Santiago, D. Boron Nitride Nanoribbons from Exfoliation of Boron Nitride Nanotubes; NASA/TM-2017-219455; National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Glenn Research Center: Cleveland, OH, 2017. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=2017000388 (accessed 2019-09-10).

Streaming Media

Format:

Organization Name. Name of Episode. Name of Show. Streaming Service, Month Day, Year. URL (accessed year - Month - Day).

Example:

American Chemical Society. Game of Thrones Science: Sword Making and Valyrian Steel. Reactions. YouTube, April 15, 2015. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cHRcGoje4j4 (accessed 2019-02-28).