Introduction to The Research Process
Academic research in college can feel vastly different than other kinds of research you’ve previously engaged in, be that research for an assignment in high school or trying to disprove your friends' claim about aliens building the pyramids.
College research is an iterative process of inquiry. Research questions and research needs evolve as you read. You are learning as you do research, so even your research question could change as you read and develop a deeper understanding of your research topic.
Below is an outline of the research process:
Understand your topic
Find background information about your topic
Develop a research question
Determine the information you need to answer your research question
Identify search tools - including reference sources, books, or specialized databases - where you can find relevant information
Develop keywords and test keywords in your selected search tools
Evaluate search results; consider how this source compliments or contradicts your research question
Begin your writing process: synthesize your sources, outline your paper, and start writing
Repeat any and all steps as needed
Rather than imagining this list as a step-by-step process, this list is instead a neat outline of the messy learning process. You might return to certain steps five times while writing a paper; that does not mean that your research paper is doomed, it means that you are learning.
Research steps adapted from LaGuardia Community College’s Academic Research Basics for Students: https://guides.laguardia.edu/c.php?g=527531&p=3885250
- Last Updated: Feb 21, 2024 12:28 PM
- URL: https://guides.iona.edu/researchessentials
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