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Introduction to Artificial Intelligence


Medical Journals and AI

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) -  In their Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, Section 4 under  Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors addresses the use of AI in submitted work. List of journals stating that they follow the ICMJE Recommendations.

4. Artificial Intelligence (AI)-Assisted Technology 

At submission, the journal should require authors to disclose whether they used artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted technologies (such as Large Language Models [LLMs], chatbots, or image creators) in the production of submitted work. Authors who use such technology should describe, in both the cover letter and the submitted work, how they used it. Chatbots (such as ChatGPT) should not be listed as authors because they cannot be responsible for the accuracy, integrity, and originality of the work, and these responsibilities are required for authorship (see Section II.A.1). Therefore, humans are responsible for any submitted material that included the use of AI-assisted technologies. Authors should carefully review and edit the result because AI can generate authoritative-sounding output that can be incorrect, incomplete, or biased. Authors should not list AI and AI-assisted technologies as an author or co-author, nor cite AI as an author. Authors should be able to assert that there is no plagiarism in their paper, including in text and images produced by the AI. Humans must ensure there is appropriate attribution of all quoted material, including full citations. (Accessed May 18, 2023) 

COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) statement on Authorship and AI tools. 

World Association of Medical Editors - Recommendations on ChatGPT and Chatbots in Relation to Scholarly Publications

Flanagin A, Bibbins-Domingo K, Berkwits M, Christiansen SL. Nonhuman “Authors” and Implications for the Integrity of Scientific Publication and Medical Knowledge. JAMA. 2023;329(8):637–639. 

Contact the Libraries

The library welcomes comments, questions and contributions related to AI as an educational tool and its impact on day-to-day life. Please reach out out to Natalka Sawchuk, assistant director of libraries, at Or, contact your department library liaison