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Columba Academy: Avoiding Plagiarism

What is Plagiarism?

What is Plagiarism?

Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work, or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying" and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offense:

According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to "plagiarize" means

  • to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
  • to use (another's production) without crediting the source
  • to commit literary theft
  • to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.

In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.

But can words and ideas really be stolen?

According to U.S. law, the answer is yes. The expression of original ideas is considered intellectual property, and is protected by copyright laws, just like original inventions. Almost all forms of expression fall under copyright protection as long as they are recorded in some way (such as a book or a computer file).

All of the following are considered plagiarism:

  • turning in someone else's work as your own
  • copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
  • failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
  • giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
  • changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit
  • copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not (see our section on "fair use" rules)

Most cases of plagiarism can be avoided, however, by citing sources. Simply acknowledging that certain material has been borrowed, and providing your audience with the information necessary to find that source, is usually enough to prevent plagiarism. See our section on citation for more information on how to cite sources properly.



Where Can I Learn More About Plagiarism?

Where Can I Learn More About Plagiarism?

On campus, you can ask your professor or a librarian at the Reference Desk.  You can also visit the Rudin Center in Amend Hall for assistance in any stage of writing, including helping you avoid plagiarism.

On the Web, there are various sources of information for students to learn about plagiarism. These include the following:

Using Sources (Hamilton College) (PDF)
A good summary of the basic rules.

The Lemonade Plagiarism Tutorial
Professor Sherman Dorn of the University of South Florida answers commonly questions.

Understanding Plagiarism (Indiana University)
Test your knowledge of plagiarism and find resources about how to recognize it.

Planet in Peril: Plagiarism (Online Game)
Learn about plagiarism by playing a game. Requires Internet Explorer.